Nation census data from forebears;
For Crozier indicating migration patterns and distribution;
British Isles census data from forebears;
For Croziers indicating the high frequencies are in the counties of Roxburghshire containing Liddesdale and Teviotdale, Scotland, and Fermanagh, and Armagh, Ulster (Northern Ireland) distribution.
Frequency distribution of Crozier surname, showing, showning Roxburghshire (Liddesdale), Scotland to Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland with the HIGHEST distribution frequency of the surname CROZIER.
British Isles, and Ulster, Ireland distribution forebear map of Crozier surname.
migration (added 8/28/2016);
The Croziers, now rarely represented, belonged to an old border clan seated at Liddisdale, Roxburghshire, in the 16th century (D.).
— Homes of Family Names in Great Britain (1890) by Henry Brougham Guppy (forebears).
MSE 12/6/2015 and 4/2/2016
New Material 11/26/2015 Cros Cross
The name Cros of Le Cros of William Le Gros (Cros), related to William the Conquer, the basis for the surname is southern France. Though this is surname origins, with many Crozier and Cross carrying R-M269 it is felt in surname only not Y-DNA is passed to the main body. This is a difficulty The Elliott (Ellot/Eliot) Wm de Aliot where Aliot is also of southern France of William the Conquer.
Cros surname distribution Europe;
Though Cros of le Cros is a French name, like Aliot of de Aliot is a French name, Cross becomes English, like Eliot becomes English, but not Scottish.
Cross surname distribution Europe;
Y-DNA like the Cross like the Crozier are R-M269;
Cross surname distribution United Kingdom 1881;
Like Fairbairn an ally of Clan Armstrong
note; An armigerous clan is a clan without a chief, and a sept is a clan which follows a chief. So an armigerous clan like Clan Armstrong, since it does not have a chief, does not have septs. Clan Crozier, not having a chief, is an armigerous clan allied with the far more populous Clan Armstrong. Wikipedia “Clan Crozie
A short history of Crozier, but like Robert Bruce Armstrong in THE HISTORY OF LIDDESDALE.. it puts into question whether Crozier where in debatable lands. It is felt by writer before surname adoption of the 1376 Croyser group identity likely of hut builders, as having with their locus, locality identifying a valley in Liddesdale in 1376 which today is felt to be called Riccarton (Rickerton, basis is Richard Town) Burn. Croyser with meaning change from croyser; hut builder to cross, bearer or living near. Though surname may not of migrated it is felt that those who adopted their surname of Croyser to Crosier in upper Liddesdale, after 1376, likely migrated from the Debatable Lands.
It is felt that the Crozier/Crosier, may have been of the Debatable Lands, but at the time of the Union of the Crowns removed themselves to Cumberland, England for their own safety.
It should be noted that on the migration path, in England the name form is Crosier, based on cross of Le Cros, southern France. So, the evolution of the name Crozier meaning bishop’s shepard cane, is from that of cross; Crosier.
Though by the by the sixteenth century Crosier/Crozier (cross/sheepherder’s cane bearer) . At that time the name meant cross sier or cross/cane bearer.
Shows localities for Crozier/Crosier as being Scotland and Ireland.
Though the origins and spelling of the name in Scotland in 1376 is Croyser, indicating in the Scottish language of Croyland (hut land), as Croyser (hut people).
croyland; land of huts
croyser; people who live in huts
1376 Liddesdale Croyser
Feel the valley where the locus (locality of) the Croyser is Riccarton Burn of Riccarton Tower;
The site of a tower which is now occupied by a sheep stell. This tower, formerly called ‘Rakistonlees’, belonged to a branch of the clan Crozier. J Hardy 1890
Crozier; Croyser & Crosyer
Note as near Croyland the surname Alan variant is used.
16th Century cross/crook bearers
The name is felt to have an cross or crusader of the cross meaning as a form of cross to croise (crusader) to crosier (bishops sheep herder’s cane) then in Scotland to crozier.
It should be noted, Hobbs Elwode (Hob Elwald; Robert Elwald-Ellot), Clemyt (Clemyt Crossier, Clement Crosir’s sister’s son, in other words his nephew, better known as Clementis Hobs of Stobs/Gorrenberry).
Correction; Croyser, and Croiser also refers to Cross. 7/26/2015
Croyser, Croiser, and latter it is felt Crosyer, and Crosier all refer to Cross.
As one can see above most early spellings of the name are Croyser (Croiser).
Definition is basically cross given the definitions of croys/crois, in reference to cross goes back likely to the twelfth century, previous to its common use as a surname, so this lends me to believe that when the surname was adopted by the Scottish or to become Scottish group, the name meant cross.
Name Croyser of 1376 becomes Crosyer of 1541.
It is felt that the name Crozier has dual origins one of the French-Norman Crosier, and the other of the Scandinavian-Scottish Croyser with both eventually become Crozier.
The name Elliot has dual surname origins of the Norman Aliot, and the Scandinavian Scottish Ellot. People of the Scandinavian Scottish name origins of Croyser, lived among the Ellot in Liddesdale.
Mark Elliott 5/18/2015
Since croy for hut is earlier then the Scottish croys for cross, it is felt the name started with croy for hut like in Croyland; a hut land of the marshland/ fenland. The word croy for hut easily evolved to croys for cross, then through crosar on to crosser/crosyer/crosier then finally today crozier then to ceremonial bishop’s sheep cane.
Croyser to Crosyer to Crosier to Crozier;
The Ellwood, of Elwald/Elwold, to Ellot to Elliot, in the borderlands, are in close relation to the Croyser/Crosyer. The Elliott, and Crozier, today have dual identities of French Norman and Scandinavian.
Today the Crozier are a ally of the predominately Scandinavian Armstrong.
More Crozier distribution patterns;
Seem to show, a south English, likely French Norman, Crosyer influence;
Seems to show a Germanic Scandinavian Croyser borderlands influence;
Crozier Elliot 1891
Croyland the land of huts and Croysers, those who lived in and built the huts.
Mark S. Elliott 7/19/2015
Fifteenth through seventeenth centuries;
Used in family tree;
Wills of York
Note; stag head at crest.
Mark S. Elliott 7/21/2015
Crozier an Armstrong ally?
With the Elliott there are basically dual origins in the Crozier.
With Elliott, the UK Elliott (not Elliot) are likely to be of Norman origins of William de Aliot (Eliot) of Southern, France, and not an ally of Clan Elliot, an example would be TS Eliot.
Many of the Crozier, have a similar distribution to the Elliott, and are related to the Elliott, through Scottish/Scandinavian origins, and these are the ally of Clan Armstrong.
Today the UK Clan Elliot does not seem to recognize the Elwald line which is strongly connected to Clan Armstong, so am asking Clan Armstrong to recognize the Elwald line of on of their allies.
The following show that the Armstrong, Elwald (Elliot), Croyser (Scottish Crozier), are of a similar grouping.
Shows numbers of Armestrong (can see why the Amstrongs are referred to as an army strong, a strong army at the time) Ellwood (English ell (measurement of length, wood (woods), like an acre forest but measure in length instead of area) (Ellot), and Nixons.
Numbers of Liddesdale, though from Liddesdale in 1376, most people of the Croyser are felt to be in Treviotdale in 1547.
It should be noted that the Armestrongs, are about four times the numbers of the Ellwoods, and the Ellwood about twice the Nixons, making the army strang Armystrand along the Liddel Water the strongest army dealing with the Debatable, lands and the western border. The army of the fort the Elwald for the Hermitage Castle are as Elliot today, in the Parish of Castleton (after Old Castleton, just east of the Liddel Castle), are still strong in numbers.
It is felt that the name Elwald was seeded, and surname adoption of most Elliot in Castleton Parish and Hawick, were adopted in the region.
The Armystrand, became Armestrang which became Armstrong, along the Liddel and the Liddel/Liddell along the Liddel like Eric Liddell of Scotland refusing the prince of wale to run on Sunday during the 1924 Olympics in France (Chariots of Fire), was a family of the borders, and refusing aristocracy is a typical trait of a boarder.
The Armstrong and Littles still today reside in the region, and in the past previous to the shield with the strong arm, used a shield of St Andrews Cross a star and crescent moon similar to the Scott shield.
Unversity of St Andrews Elwald & Croyser for Pope Martin V;
John Elwald rector of St Andrews University 1418, the provost was Bothwell (surname Douglas).
William Croyser, Archdeacon of Treviotdale, is spelled correctly in 1400 as Croyser.
When Robert Elwald of Redheugh received the lands of Redheugh, Lariston, Hartsgarth and others, the names Ninian Elwald, and Andrew Elwald appear, likely influenced by John Elwald rector of St Andrews University 1418, and rector of Kirkandrews (church of St Andrews near Canonbie).
Also in the witnessing of the deed are found the names John and Quentin Crosar.
Preceding Robert Elwald receiving lands, a David Hume received lands of Wolflee and Wolfhopelee 1436;
A Jacob Crosar, and a John Elwald, were listed as witnessing that deed, on land just north of Liddesdale, which the family which spell their names with a single “t” are from besides Minto;
Earliest Form is Croyser;
In Liddesdale there was a valley identified by the locality of those people who were called Croyser, the conclusion that in 1376 they had a surname of Croyser could be incorrect, but people who lived in this particular valley in Liddesdale were referred to as Croyser, and the valley was identified in with the location these people lived.
This makes me feel that the people who lived in a built huts which were called Croyser lived in this valley.
In 1350 close to Croyland one finds the name Croyser;
Lincoln is a city in England and should not get confused with the county of Lincoln in which Croyland is.
Stag head likely from King/St Elfwald/Elwald of Hexam Abby, Northumberland. Coin/sceat minted in the capital of Northumbria, in the town/city of York, in Yorkshire.
The above crest is of William of Gorrenberry/Horsleyhill, the Redheugh Elwald/Elwand line adopted and elwand on their been at the time of infeft, receiving land, and William of Gorrenberry assisted in this land receiving of Redheugh, Lariston and Hartsgarth, which uses the Redheugh shield.
The elwand for the people called Elwand (Elwald) on the been of the Stobs/Redheugh shield and used for the lands of Redheugh, which Gorrenberry is of the lands of William of Gorrenberry/Horsleyhill, and retained the earlier shield without replacing it with an elwand.
Mark S. Elliott 7/24/2015
Including this which I feel is and excellent write up on Crozier history;
The surname Crozer, Crozier, Crosyer, Crosier, Croisser, is of French orign, of French word Croise (one devoted to Cross), is felt by this writter as being correct, an a cross is on the sheild of their coat of arms;
Then name Crosyer, is listed by the name preceding the above names and felt to be properly spelled for many years that of Croyser is not listed. It is felt that the Croyser which changed their spelling by switching the places of the “y”&”s” to the French Crosyer, are not to be considered French, but of the same people which made up the border Scots, and Irish, of Germanic Scandinavian origin. In about 1650 when the name Ellot inserted and “i” to become Elliot, it also became of French Norman origin, of Wm de Aliot (Eliot like TS Eliot) of southern France.
Refer to; above correction shows the Scottish croys/crois, back to the twelfth century pre surname basically meant cross. 7/26/2015.
Liddesdale 1516 Croyser (Crosyer, Crosier, Crozier), and Elwald (Ellot, Elliot) and Nykson (Nixon).
Mark S. Elliott 7/25/2015
Mark S. Elliott 8/2/2015
It is felt that in Liddesdale, Croyser;
It is felt that a group of people locus (locality) of people referred to as Croyser (likely Northern Liddesdale), like groups of Native Americans; example Apache, Navajo and so on, these people were referred to as the Croyser or hut builders, and their evolving surname identified a location of a valley, felt to be in north Liddesdale.
Evolution of Liddesdale Croyser into Crosar as a surname.
Crows for the name Crowsar.
Cross is the basis for Crosar or Crossar, and above in Liddesdale a shield with three St. Andrew’s crosses is utilized.
Note; When Robert Elwald (Ellot/Elliot) received lands of Redheugh, Lariston, Hartsgarth, and other, John and Quinton Crosar where present as witnesses to the sasine/deed.
Crozier; Armstrong ally, along with Liddell/Little, use St. Andrew’s cross(es) on shield;
Croyser; hut builders, Crosar/Crossar; cross, Crozier; bishop’s ceremonial shepard’s cane/hook.
The History of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Ewesdale, Wauchopedale and the Debateable Land: By Robert Bruce Armstrong, Volume 1. 1883;
Clan Crosar lived in upper (north) Liddesdale with the Ellot and Nixons.
Middle March; Crosar, Armstrong, Elwald (Ellot), and Nixon.
Mark S. Elliott 8/9/2015 D. Douglas, 1883
Croiser, Cros, Crosier, Crozier, Gros, Grozier, Crozat surname distributions.
Crosier of north east France;
Cros mainly of south France, and up into England;
Crosier of France, England; Northumberland.
Crozier south France, England, Scotland, Norway, and Northern Ireland.
Gros of south France, Europe and England.
Grozier mainly of Scotland, England then France.
Mark Elliott 10/29/2015
It is felt that Cros , was and earlier form of Croyser, which evolved into Crozier.
William de (of) Aliot, name is felt to become Eliot, from similar locality as Le Cros
Crozier data 12/6/2015
Nation census data from forebears;
For Crosier indicating migration patterns;
British Isles census data from forebears;
For Croziers indicating the high frequencies are in the counties of Roxburghshire containing Liddesdale and Teviotdale, Scotland, and Fermanagh, and Armagh, Ulster (Northern Ireland).
Clan Crozier (crosier, croser, cros, etc.) is one of
the border reiving clans of Scotland, along with the
Armstrongs, Elliots, and Nixons. Some sources cite the
surname as a sept of the Armstrong clan, but the Scottish
Parliamentin 1587 identiﬁed the Croziers as a middle
An armigerous clan is a clan without a chief, and a sept is
a clan which follows a chief. So an armigerous clan like
Clan Armstrong, since it does not have a chief, does not
have septs. Clan Crozier, not having a chief by the
Lord Lyon King of Arms, is an armigerous clan allied with the
far more populous Clan Armstrong.
1 Name evolution
Croyser, Croiser, Crosier, Crozier.
Many of the earlier forms of the name were of Croyser or
Crosier (of Cros), had a common English language switch
of an “y” for an “i”. The name basically was Croyser then
Croiser, which means cross; one who lives near or bears
Croyser or Crosier has Old French origins, of Roman
Christianity the name Croyser, then Croiser has also
Old Scottish inﬂuence evolved from the Old French of,
Croice, Crois(e, n. Also: croyce, croys(e). [ME. croice,
croyce, crois, croys, croyz (14–15th c.), OF. crois, croiz.
Cf. Croce n.1] An earlier form of the word, which is croy
for the Croyser name; Cro, Croy, n.1 Sc. and Ir. Gaelic
cró fold, hut, Icel. kró sheepfold. Latinized as croa, croya
The meaning referring to hut, which developed the name
Croyser is insigniﬁcant in most of England where the
name is based on cross, but given the popularity of the
name in Yorkshire (York Mayor John Croser 1447)
with variants in Sweden, it is felt by people of Scandinavian
origins migrating to what is now Scotland, likely
applied the meaning of hut to Croyser that of hut builder.
The Croziers came from Normandy in 1066 with
William the Conqueror. Through the years, some moved northward
to the southern areas of Scotland where they became
established as a Border Clan. According to Scots
Kith and Kin, Clan Crozier was in Liddesdale in the
Example of Tyndale to Liddesdale-Treviotdale movement;
Clemy and John Croser (Crosier-Crozier), English
Tyndale Rebels resettled to Liddesdale-Teviotdale Scotland
with Clemy Croser, and Robyn (son of Rob of Redheugh)
Elwald, in 1540.
William le Gros Earl of Yorkshire (Count of Aumale)
died 1179 could easily be the inﬂuence of
the Croyser of today’s border region being of Yorkshire.
Name similarities exist between, Le Crosand Le Gros and today’s Crozier and Grozier surnames.
William le Gros, owned Scarborough Castle.Borough means fort and is symbolized on theshield of Scarborough. Scarborough is of AngloSaxonorigins, and people with the surname Scarborough
are known to be from Scarborough. The
Y-DNA of the people named Scarborough was used
to locate an entry point into the British Isles, of
Name version of Crozier with
a G; Grosar, Grosars, Grossars (RB Armstrong),
Gros, and Grozier, which OCR (optical character
recognition), sometimes read the upper case C as
a G, is questioned if the document is handwritten,
that it may have been transcribed in the past with
a C transcribed as a G. William le Gros, Count of
Aumale, was a powerful Anglo-Norman baron and
grand-nephew of William the Conqueror.
2 Name distribution
For the name Crozier a form of Crosier, one ﬁnds in YDNA
There is a smaller distribution,in southern England, and this could representwhat became Crozier coming from France. It should be
noted, of 13 Crozier tested Y-DNA, 11 are M-269, there
are two of the unique R-CTS11874 a William Crozier, of
Northern, Ireland and a John Crosier of Boston. There
were other listed in the Family Tree SNP
one of each Kennedy, Loy, and Beckel (Germany). In Public Proﬁler
of World Names
Loy shows Germany-YorkshireScotland-Northern
Ireland, Kennedy shows Scotland and
Northern Ireland, and Bickel shows Germany. With the
locality of the Crozier, as being Border/Ulster Scots,
this is indicative of Germanic-Danish Anglo migration.
Though the name Crozier of Le Cros in southern France,
and the name Eliot of Aliot in southern France, with
William Le Gros (Gros like Cros mainly of S France),
and William de Aliot linked to William the Conqueror, in close proximity, in Liddesdale and Fermanagh,
it can be concluded that these families are of basically of
similar origins. Though surname acquisition has a French
Norman inﬂuence, their Scottish, Scandinavian origins is
more like their shared ally the Armstrong.
2.1 Cros Cross
Surname by; World Family Public Proﬁler, shows the Surname
Cros, is more concentrated around, Le Cros in
southern France, but when an “s” is added to make Cross
the name distribution is of England, not Scotland. Similar
results are found with de Aliot, being of southern
France, but when the “A” is changed to an “E” then the
name becomes Eliot of England, but not of Scotland.
Cross DNA; Family Tree DNA, and World Family results
are showing a large proportion, but not being as large
as for Crozier as being
R1b-M269, Y-DNA. 
3 Historical distribution
It is found that the American family of Crozier descended
from the Croyser Clan, found on the banks of the (upper)
Liddel, in the Scottish borderlands
at Riccarton, and Hudshouse.
In the sixteenth century the Crosars (Crozier) from upper
Liddesdale to Teviotdale, then onto Fermanagh,
Locus Crozier; IDs valley of Liddesdale, by locus of Crozier.
In R. B. Armstrong’s History of Liddesdale, there is a
record of a Locus Croyser, but the word locus means locality,
and is listed under Valleys of Liddesdale in 1376,
giving the location of a valley of Liddesdale being where
the people referred to as Croyser lived.
Today this valley is believed to be called Riccarton Burn.
The spelling in William Croyser and Simon le Croyser
near Croyland, and in “locus Croyser” is consistent in the
fourteenth century, which strongly shows that the name
which originates in the Valley (locus/locality of a valley
in Liddesdale in 1376 by where the Croyser are living)
of the Croyser, originated in the Croyland region.
This valley now Riccarton Burn is where for ScottishIrish
Croyser (Crozier) surname adoption takes place. It
is guarded by the tower of the Croziers, known as Riccarton
Surname seeding is when a surname is brought into a
region, and those without a surname adopt it. Among the
Navajo Native Americans a missionary from the midwest
United States brought the Elliott name to the Navajo
people. At the time of surname adoption a family of
Navajos took on the surname Elliott. Now there is a line
of Navajo Elliotts.
Surnames, showing popularity in Yorkshire; Croyser and
Elwald, though with many deviations which from these
standard spellings (norm given the centuries), developed
in today’s England near the beginning of the twelfth century,
and were brought into the north, previous to the
Declaration of Arbroath ca1320, where Croyser evolve
into Croiser, Crosier, lastly Crozier, and Elwald evolved into Ellot, Elliot, and some cases Elliott.
In the 14th century the name William (like William the
Conqueror) Croyser, is found in Bedford, County, in an
area not to far from Croyland. In the 13th Century the
name Elwald (i.e. Elliot) is found in the region of Rye
(Johannes (John) Elwold (Elwald) de (of) Rya (Rye).
ca1230 ), near where the Battle of Hastings took place,
and the Kerr which came to the borderland are said to be
from Normany. So it is felt a seed carrying the name
Croyser, came to the Valley of the Croyser, now Riccarton
Burn, in Liddesdale. Riccarton/Riccarton Mill
(Rickerton, forms of Richardtown) second home of the
Redheugh Ellot (Elliot) is near Larriston/Over&Nether
Laristown.  
Riccarton, mistakenly Rakestonleis, but is Caddroun Tower.
Helcaldenburne is Caddroun Burn (Tower) where Rakestonleis
is of William Crosier in 1590.
In the 1376 Rent Roll were Ricardtoun superior, and Ricardtoun
inferior, and in 1541 rent rolls of Liddesdale
were Ricardtoncleuch, Over (superior) Riccarton (higher
in elevation), and Richardtoun, Nether (inferior) Riccarton
(lower in elevation).
Ricardtoun/R. Cleuch Crosar and Elwald
In Nether Riccarton Liddesdale 1541 rent rolls, was tenanted
by Martin Crosar, Patrick Crosar, Rolland Elwald
(i.e. Elliot), and William Elwald, and Over (upper) Riccarton was held by two Crosar farms. In 1576
an Andrew “Dande” Crosar was from Ricardtouncleuch.
In 1590 was a Will Croser of Ryckerton (also spelled
Rickerton).   
Crozier and Ellot in Upper Liddesdale Blaeu 1654 map
At time Robert Elwald received land of 1484 a William
Gladstanis, are listed with the landholders, and John and
Quinton Crosar, are listed with the witnesses. It is
felt that in
The Death of Parcy Reed Synopsis; Parcy
Reed arrests the reiving outlaw Whinton Crosier
, itis felt Whinton is not a Crosier name, but the name
is Quinton. 
Robert Elwald (i.e. Elliot) is receiving
lands of Redhuegh, Over(superior higher in elevation)
and Nether(inferior lower in elevation) on above map
where both Larristons O&N, are near Riccarton O&N.
Lariston tree of Redheugh, including Martin of Prickenhaugh,
1586 Martin Elliot’s (intern Ellot clan chief) son Simon
had a lease of land from Earl of Bothwell (Liddesdale,
Braidlie). 1591 a Crown charter of Phillop in Selkershire
and Braidlie (Teviotdale). Martin was called “of”
Braidley, indication ownership of land of Braidley, but
living on the Braidley Bothwell Liddesdale lease Martin
supplied soldiers to the bordering Hermitage Castle. Simon
and Martin of Redheugh, built a tower of Prickenhaugh
in the region of Robert of Redheugh, now living
in Lariston N&O, and the Riccarton N&O Crozier.
It should be noted that a John Elwald who witness the
sasine (deed) of Robert Elwald of Redheugh, likely was
John Elwald of Thorlieshill, near Hudhouse of the Crosar
(Crozier), witness a Scott deed in 1488.
The Crosar/Croyser (Crozier) and the Elwald (Ellot) were close. Thorsliehope was land of the Elwald like Gorrenberry
(next to Braidley) previous to Robert Elwald receiving
lands of Redheugh, Larriston, Hartsgarth and other.
Jamie Telfer in The Fair Dodhead Telfer is sent to meet
Martin Elliot, of Prickinhaugh, as shown on the Blaeu
map as being near N&O Ricarrton, and N&O Lariston.
The Pedigree According to the Genealogy of 17047
(previous to Stobs Castle ﬁre of 1712) ELLIOTS OF
LARISTON ; Robert Elliot of Lariston, the 15th, had a
feud with the Armstrongs. Married a daughter of Buccleuch.
His next brother was Martin Elliot, of Prickinhaugh.
The Crozier Hudshouse is in the vicinity of Slaughtree,
home of a Margaret (Meg, Megg, Maggie) Kidd mistress
to Redheugh (Robert 15) now of Larriston, which
he builds a tower for her at Hartsgarth. Second son living
in Larriston with his father Robert chief 15, is William
then of Hartsgrath with his mother (rf sansine/deed).
Next son Gilbert “Gib-bie of Golden Garters” is said to
be born of a father of Larriston, and a mother of Buccluech
(Kidd’s curse, Kidd’s wall). Though a Hob Elwode
(i.e. Robert Elliott), lived and was taken in by
his uncle Clemyt Crossier (i.e. Clement Crozier) of Stobbes
(Stobs) became Clementis Hobs, Gavan Ellot was
ﬁrst Ellot owner of Stobs, second husband to Gilbert’s
mother, purchases Stobs for his grandson (ﬁrst son of
Gilbert) William. Gilbert marrying Mary “Fendy” ﬁrst
cousin to Buccleuch gave William the blood of a Buccleuch.
This William (has ﬁrst son Sir Gilbert) changed
his support to Buccleuch (King Charles II), then hung
himself so the Cromwellian Parliamentarians, would not
take his estate.
From this William, to indicate loyalty
to the Royalist, and to diﬀerentiate the name from
the Parliamentarian, Sir John Elliot which died in the
tower of London, the family of the Clan Elliot chief of
Stobs/Redheugh spells their name Eliott.
Redheugh Elwald sasine (deed); Crosars witnesses.
In Ulster, Ireland the name Crozier (1659, Croser 1630)
was introduced by settlers who arrived from England
and Scotland, especially during the seventeenth century
with strong associations with Counties Fermanagh and
The Scottish, and other border people followed a similar
path migration from The Liddel Water which is a
Lower Liddesdale, not showing Croziers.
Scottish-English border except in the Debatable Lands
and past Kirhopefoot, where Mangerton is. Migration
followed up into Northern Liddesdale. In Scotland,
the names Armstrong, Elwald (Ellot), and Nixon, may
have had there Scottish birth in the Debatable lands; the
Croyser it is felt took more of a direct route northward
bypassing the Debatable Lands.
Along with the Crosar/Crozier, listed as witnesses are
Grame/Grahams, and Forstar/Foster/Forester. Though
Elwald-Ellot (Elliot) of Redhuegh and Gorrenberry are
listed, along with the son of Buccleuch, Cessford (Roxburghe),
and his brother, and other Kerr, a Wm Gledstanis,
and a number of Elwald as witnesses. There are no
Armstrongs, though Grahams, Foresters, and Armstrongs
had towers along the Liddel.
The Armstrong, and their allies, believe like indigenous
Americans, that land is of the common. Previous to the
Redheugh sasine, the Armstrong Mangerton lands were
re-granted by Arhibald “Bell the Cat” Douglas V Earl of
Angus to Scot of Buccleuch. That is why the Armstrong
are not on sasine.
3.2 Hudshouse 
Near burn of same name, tower remains verily exist, and
a peel house at Hudshouse poscessed by this clan. Scotts
of Buccleuch, Vol II page 174.
Hudhouse was a twostory house
with dual doors, making it a strongly built
huddle house. What one would call a “Hudshouse”. Hudshouse
had recent farming up to about 1890, but in ruins
with slight remains of an ancient tower of the Croziers.
Philippo Crosar was recorded on the Rental Rolls of Liddesdale,
being a tenant at Hudshouse in 1541.
Hudshouse is below foot of Helcaldenburne (Caddroun
Burn), on Liddel (refer to; Blaeu map of 1654).
Rakestonleis is of Caddroun Burn Tower (Helcaldenburne
1590) of Martin Crozier.
3.3 Treviotdale  
The family becomes Treviodale Crosiers of Alderstonshields,
with nearby Clement Crosier in Stobsmigrating
north Clement Crosier on Gledstanis estate land to
Hummelknows just south of Hawick. 
The head of the Croziers was Clame (Clement) in Hummilknowes
Crosyer, Crosier, Crosser of Agerstoneshields-Alderstonshields
Crosyer, Crosier, Crosser of AgerstoneshieldsAlderstonshields
and Stobs, on Gladstanis estate in Treviotdale, 1544 
Hummelknows, Crosar which are surities (in bond) by Clem
Crosar Sureties/bonding of Crosars by Clement Crosar of
Gladstanis land in Treviotdale of Hammelknows, Alderstonshields
and Stobs, which Crozier (Crosar) were tenants;
Gledstanis land which Crosar are tenants.
The relation between the Crosare (Crozier), Elwald (Ellot),
Home (Hume), in the Minto (Wolﬂee/Wolfhopelee)
regions is shown in a Declaration of Sasine to David
of Home 1436, when a Johannis Elwald, and a Jacobi
Crosare witness the deed of David Hume receiving
land from of Wolﬂee and Wolfhopelee from William
John Croser sword only is listed in the ca1630 munster
rolls of Tully Castle (1630 Tully, Monea, and Tullykelter
Castles exist, but Castle Hume was built later) the
Barony de Magherboy, Fermanangh, Ulster. Croser, Ellot
and Hume in this same region as found two centuries
earlier, in southern Treviotdale with Sasine of David
Maghereboy, Fermanagh, Ulster, Hume, Hamilton and
Somerville lands of
Tully, Monea, and Tullykelter Castle lands.
In 1659, Crozier were listed in the Census of Fermanagh/Armagh,
1528 IN DEBATABLE LANDS; Of the Armstrong, Ellot,
Nixon and Crosar; the most numerous in 1528 are
the Armstong then Elwands, Ellwoods, or Elliots who extended
into Teviotdale, Nixons which are more numerous
in Cumberland than Scotland and the Crosars in Upper
Liddesdale with their chief stronghold at Riccarton.
A CENTURY LATER IN ULSTER; Across the water to
Ulster into the counties of Fermanagh which now borders
Ireland, and Armagh. Given numbers for the Armstrong,
Elliot (Ellot), Nixon, and Crozier (Crosar) of Fermanagh
and Armagh,shows these two counties were stepping
stones, into the English Plantations and around the world.
The United States;
Early Crosier into Boston, Massachusetts; CROSIER
TIME LINE by Charles Crosier.
1735 December 29 – An intent to marry is recorded in
Kings Chapel for John Crosier and Martha Lindsey.
note; John Croser b. ca1714 Ireland?, father William
Samuel Crossett and mother; Martha Hamilton, married;
Martha Lindsay 1735 in Boston, Massachusetts.
1735/36 January 13 – John Crosier marries Martha Lindsey
at Kings Chapel (Episcopalian).
Were like many Crosier/Crozier of Ulster (Scot-Irish)
would have been Episcopalian.
Traditionally the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Crozer
(Crozier) family was founded by ﬁve brothers, Andrew,
John, James, Robert and Samuel of Northern Ireland (Ulster),
arrived in Philadelphia about 1723, unrecorded parents
were likely with them.
Norwalk, Conneticutt, Richard Cozier (Crozier), wife
Abigail Brown listed in deeds of 1709deceased
5 Crozier Coat of Arms
Traditional design features, are the ﬂeur de lis of France
used in England
and America (Crozier’s General Armory:……
ed William Armstrong Crozier), with
French being the basis to the name Crozier. Azure or
lapis blue being a tradition colour of the Crozier Clan
The cross is the Christian (St George’s Cross), colour
scheme in that of the arms of the Armstrong and the
Scottish ﬂag. Though the white could be turn to gold if
the Irish want their coat of arms diﬀerent. The Irish of
mainly Fermanagh/Armagh, have Liddesdale/Teviotdale
Scottish origins. The stag head is found normally on
Coat of Arms for armigerous Clan Crozier to share.
top in the caboose is on the white cross, and is a symbol
used by the King/St Elwald (Ælfwald I of Northumbria),
and the Cumbria Ellwood, along with the Horsliehill
  (William) Ellot. Stag head is in the centre,
which makes the arms unique and compacts the design
to a shield.
Sceat of Elwald minted in York;
For artistry the stag head is not symmetric, and is vertically
compact to ﬁt on the vertical member of the cross.
Stag looks towards the left, for people of a society which
reads from left to right, the stag seems to as being addressed
from the left looking at the reader. Two colour
scheme of white (gold maybe substituted) and blue is utilized,
in svg (scalable vector graphics). Public domain to
be shared by Clan Crozier.
Clan Crozier an
armigerous clan, does not have an arms
registered byLord Lyon
the heraldic authority for Scotland. The given are an example
based on Crozier traditional arms, which can be
shared by all Crozier, Crosier, Grozier, Gros, Crosser,
Cross, Cros, Crozat, Crozet and other variant names.
Surnames (Family Tree DNA Crozier site) Crazier,
Crizer, Crosair, Crosare, Croser, Crosier, Crosir,
Crosnier, Crossar, Crosser, Croysar, Croyser, Crozer,
I have not seen the arms-of Croser; but they and the Nixons
were small broken clans, dependent on the Elliots of Lariston,
also broken clan and followers of Buccleugh, it is
probable they would carry similar arms.
Notes and Queries; Oxford University Press, August
E.; (most likely William Elliot)
1876 page 173
note; Clan Armstrong does not have a chief, but Clan Elliot
6 Crozier Tartan
The Scottish Register of Tartans for “Crozier/Crosser”
National Records of Scotland, H.M. General
Register House, Scottish Tartans Authority STA ref:1779
7 Crozier Motto
Crux coelorum, crux mihi clavis erit.
Translation; 1.(Cross of heaven, for me; the keys of heaven.)
2.(Heavens above, the cross will be the key for me.)
Backgroud of a darkened Crozier tartan;
Bulletin d’archéologie et de statistique de la Drôme, Vol.
23-24 1889 – Dauphiné (France) Dictionnaire Des
Devises Dauphiné page 505 122.–Crux coelorum, crux
mihi clavis erit (Croix des cieux, pour moi clefs du ciel)
Anthony du Crozat (Crosset), a French Huguenot is a
refugee to Ireland 1591.
8 Visiting Newcastleton-Copshaw Holm
David (Crozier) on a visit to Liddesdale, Newcastleton
noted on a sign in the domain of the public
read;”…..the famous families of Elliot, Armstrong, Nixon
and Crozier…..Welcome to Copshaw Holm.”
Another sign of the region reads. “Nixons, and Crosiers
rode with Elliots and the Armstrongs. ..nicknames
The Steel Bonnets; Book by George MacDonald Fraser,
Nebles Clem is a Crosar, and one would ﬁnd when the
name Clem is used during this era it is almost always
a Crosier/Crozier. Also G. Fraser, is another individual
which establishes Riccarton, as the place for the
From one border to another; Fermangh/Armagh are border
counties of Ulster.
Counties of Fermangh and Armagh shown to stay the
same during the early part of the Ulster Plantation. Londonderry
an “English” County of the newly developed Ulster
Plantation was made from Coleraine and the northeast
tip of Tyrone. As the Armstrong; may Clan
Crozier now, go UNVANQUISHED. 
 Great Britain III Acts of the Parliament of Scotland
 Middle English Dictionary, Vol 1&2 by Hans Kurath.
 Dictionary of the Scots Language Dictionar o the Scots
 Piety, Fraternity, and Power: Religious Gilds in Late Me-
dieval Yorkshire, 1389-1547 David J. F. Crouch Boydell
& Brewer Ltd, 2000 page 274
 Scots Kith & Kin: A Comprehensive A-Z Guide to the Surnames
of Scotland, the Clans and Their Tartans Collins
Celtic, Collins Celtic Staﬀ, Collins UK Collins, 1989
 Letters and Papers: Foreign and Domestic. Calendar of
Henry VIII. Great Britain. Public Record Oﬃce, Henry
VIII (King of England) Longman, 1896
geographic- surname-dna- correlation/
 The Priory of Hexham, Volume 2 James Raine Society,
1865 pg 26
 Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological
Society, Volume 4 Bishopsgate Institute, 1922 – London
 Publications of the Surtees Society, Volume 48 By Surtees
Society pg 26
 A History of Northumberland, Volume 3, Part 1 By
Northumberland County History Committee, Edward
Bateson, John Crawford Hodgson, Allen Banks Hinds,
Herbert Henry Edmund Craster pg151
 1266-1272 Great Britain. Public Record Oﬃce Kraus
 Calendar of the Close Rolls …: Preserved in the Public
Record Oﬃce, Volume 24 Great Britain. Public Record
Oﬃce H. M. Stationery Oﬃce, 1896 – Great Britain pg
 Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public
Record Oﬃce By Great Britain. Public Record Oﬃcalendar
of Close Rolls, Public Record Oﬃce.Edward III, AD
 The Chronicles of the Armstrong, James L. Armstrong
1903,ed page 31
 Family Tree DNA Crozier
 Crozier, British Isles
 https://www.familytreedna.com/public/r1b- u152/
 Genealogy of the Eliot family By William Smith Porter
 worldnames.publicproﬁler.org | Cros to Cross, Aliot to
aspx?section=ycolorized | Cross; Family Tree DNA
raw=1 | Cross; World Family results.
 Colonial Families of Philadelphia, By John W. Jordan.
 Canmore Riccarton Tower Site
 Family Records By Ashworth Peter Burke pg 195 Crozier
 Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry III: 1225-1232 By
Great Britain Public Record Oﬃce, H.C. Maxwell Lyte
 History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Instituted
…, Volume 12 By Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club (Scotland).
 https://canmore.org.uk/site/67993/riccarton- tower | Riccarton
 The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland: 1537-1542 By Scotland.
Court of Exchequer, George Powell McNeill
 Rotuli scaccarii regum scotorum: The Exchequer rolls of
Scotland, Volume 17 By Scotland. Court of Exchequer,
 The Scotts of Buccleuch, Fraser, William, Sir, 18161898.
cn, Publisher:Edinburgh : s.n. page 174
 A Break With The Past, Changed days on two Border
sheep farms (Langburnshiels and Riccarton) by Michael
J.H. Robson, Ovenshank Newcastleton 1991 pages 41-49
 http://www.sacred- texts.com/neu/eng/child/ch193.htm
 Scottish arms a collection of armorial bearings,A.D.
1370-1678 by R.R. Stodart Published 1881 by W. Paterson
 The Scotts of Buccleuch (1878) pg 92, by Sir William
 The Border Elliots and the Family of Minto By George
Francis Scott Elliot; Kidd, Margaret, or Meg, 248. ‘
Kidd’s curse,’ 249 n. ‘ Kidd’s walls,’
 The Annals of a Border Club (the Jedforest): And Biographical
Notices of the Families Connected Therewith
George Tancred T. S. Smail, 1899 – History of Scotland
 Irish surnames; Crozier
download/14397/20215/ Top historian of Scottish
history. Nicked by Redheugh, and Gorrenberry is
 The History of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Wauchopedale and
..Vol1, By Robert Bruce Armstrong.
 History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Volume 12
Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club 1890
 A Hawick Word Book by Douglas Scott DRAFT-vers 2,
 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blaeu_- _
| Blaeu 1654-Hudshouse foot of Helcaldenburne
 https://canmore.org.uk/site/67961/caddroun- burn- tower
| Caddroun Burn Tower
 Colonial Families of Philadelphia, Volume 2 By John
Woolf Jordan pg1387.
 The Hamilton Papers: A.D 1543-1590, By Great Britain.
General Register Oﬃce (Scotland).
 1569-1578 By Scotland Privy Council
 History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Volume 13
By Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club Report of Meetings for
1890. By Dr J. Hardy. 63
 The Hamilton Papers: A.D. 1543-1590 General Register
House, 1892 – Great Britain
 The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, Volume
1,Scotland. Privy Council, John Hill Burton, David Masson,
Peter Hume Brown, Henry Paton, Robert Kerr Hannay,
H.M. General Register House, 1877 – Archives
 Report on the Manuscripts of Colonel David Milne Home
of Wedderburn Castle, Issue 2 Great Britain. Royal Commission
on Historical Manuscripts H. M. Stationery Ofﬁce,
1902 – Home family
 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and
Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland
John Burke, Sir Bernard Burke J. R. Smith, 1844 page
 The history of Enniskillen with reference to some manors
in co. Fermanagh, and other local subjects by Trimble,
William Copeland, 1851-1941 Published 1919
 Special Report On: Ireland, the 1659 Census, edited by
Irish Genealogical Foundation, M. Laughlin
 The book of Ulster Surnames, Robert Bell, 1988
| CROSIER TIME LINE by Charles
 The Crosiers of Halifax, Vermont: Some Descendants of
John Croser C. 1714 – C. 1755 Iris Wilcox Baird, 1996 322
early- modern-history- 1500-1700/
sheep- stealers- from-the- north- of- england- the- riding- clans- in- ulster- by- robert- /|
who wrote The book of Ulster Surnames, Robert
 Colonial Families of Philadelphia, Volume 2 By John
 Book B, pg. 66, Norwalk Deeds, Nov. 18, 1709.
 Norwalk,Conneticutt Wills; Mch. 4, 1728/9, page 214.
 The British herald, or Cabinet of armorial bearings of the
nobility & gentry of Great Britain & Ireland, Volume 1
Thomas Robson (engraver.) 1830 – Great Britain
 Crozier’s General Armory: A Registry of American Families
Entitled to Coat Armor edited by William Armstrong
 Bolton’s American Armory By Jina Bolton, Charles
 Encyclopædia of Heraldry, Or General Armory of England,
Scotland and Ireland: Comprising a Registry of All
Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time,
Including the Late Grants by the College of Arms John
Burke, Sir John Bernard Burke H. G. Bohn, 1844
 The History of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Ewesdale, Wauchopedale
and the Debatable Land: By Robert Bruce
Armstrong, Volume 1Robert Bruce Armstrong D. Douglas,
1883 page 178
 The Border Elliots and the Family of Minto By George
Francis Scott Elliot page 252
 Anthony du Crozat (Crosset), a French Huguenot is a
refugee to Ireland 1591 | The Crossett Name
 Kelly’s Journey: July 2015 http://www.livelovetravelx.co.
 The Steel Bonnets; Book by George MacDonald Fraser,
Clan Crozier PDF
Crook, Crooke, Crooker, Crookes, Crooks, Crookshank, Crookshanks, Cropper, Crosar, Crosbie, Crosby, Crosdale, Croser, Crosier, Crosland, Crosley, Cross,
Crossan, Crossbowmaker, Crossby, Crossdale, Crosse, Crosser, Crossfield, Crosskell, Crossland, Crossley, Crossman, Crossthwaite, Crosswell, Crosswhite,
Crosthwaite, Croston, Croswell, Crosweller
Most all families which existed a length of time, have a number of variant names which seem to gravitate from different lines into a major name such as CROZIER.
Ireland Households (Ulster)
Armstrong, Crozier, Elliott, and Nixon, all have a strong distribution in and around Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland.
The name Croyser of 14th century has similar distribution to Crozier of this century.