Crozier History

Clan Crozier (crosier, croser, cros, etc.) is one of
the border reiving clans of Scotland, along with the
Armstrongs, Elliots, and Nixons. Some sources cite the
surname as a sept of the Armstrong clan, but the Scottish
Parliament in 1587 identified the Croziers as a middle
march clan. [1]

In Fermanagh, as in; Riding Clans in Ulster—Robert Bell

Technically, though, the Armstrong association is not a sept-clan association, but rather an associated family situation. The Nixons, along with several other families like the Crosiers, Crozers, Fairbairns, and Groziers, lived in the lands controlled by the Armstrong Lairds (which happened to be on the border with England). They rode with them on cattle raids, fought in wars with them, and otherwise served as members of the clan.
….. the Armstrong chiefs and their families were hunted down and killed, and the remainder of the families were scattered. Many went to Ireland, and then on to America.
And finally:
Are Armstrongs a clan?
In 1587 the Scottish Parliament passed an Act “for the quieting and keeping in obedience of the … inhabitants of the Borders, Highlands and Isles”. The Act lists “the clans that have Captains, Chiefs and Chieftans.” So, in the 16th century the Scottish Parliament did not restrict clans to the Highlands of Scotland and included Border families in their description.

Crosser-Crozier 1587 Middlemarch (2)
An armigerous clan is a clan without a chief, and a sept is
a clan which follows a chief. So an armigerous clan like
Clan Armstrong, since it does not have a chief, does not
have septs. Clan Crozier, not having a chief by the
Lord Lyon King of Arms, is an armigerous clan allied with the
far more populous Clan Armstrong.


The family of Crozier was settled in Liddesdale and Debateable Land from the 12th century to 1530. We find Locus CROYSER referred to in the rent roll of the Lordship circa 1376. On 21 Dec. 1414, letters of safe conduct were granted to William Croyser, of Scotland. Another William was Canon of Dunkeld during the reign of JAMES I.
William Crozier was Archdeacon of Teviotdale in 1427. During the early part of the 16th century the Croziers occupied lands in Upper Liddesdale and Teviotdale. The family lived at Riccarton where, near a burm of the same name, some remains of an ancient tower may still be seen. Huddishouse was also possessed by them. In the visitation of Durham of 1575 the pedigree of four generations is given ending in George aged 17 and the continuation of the pedigree down to 1615 may be found in the visitation of that year. From thence with the Armstrongs and the Nixons certain of the family migrated to the county Fermanagh. Family Records, Ashworth Peter Burke
Harrison, 1897 – Genealogy – 195 of 709 pages


Clan Crozier

1 Name evolution
Croyser, Croiser, Crosier, Crozier.
Many of the earlier forms of the name were of Croyser or
Crosier (of Cros), had a common English language switch
of an “y” for an “i”. The name basically was Croyser then
Croiser, which means cross; one who lives near or bears
Croyser or Crosier has Old French origins, of Roman
Christianity the name Croyser, then Croiser has also
Old Scottish influence evolved from the Old French of,
Croice, Crois(e, n. Also: croyce, croys(e). [ME. croice,
croyce, crois, croys, croyz (14–15th c.), OF. crois, croiz.
Cf. Croce n.1] An earlier form of the word, which is croy
for the Croyser name; Cro, Croy, n.1 Sc. and Ir. Gaelic
cró fold, hut, Icel. kró sheepfold. Latinized as croa, croya
(12th c.).
The meaning referring to hut, which developed the name
Croyser is insignificant in most of England where the
name is based on cross, but given the popularity of the
name in Yorkshire (York Mayor John Croser 1447)
with variants in Sweden, it is felt by people of Scandinavian
origins migrating to what is now Scotland, likely
applied the meaning of hut to Croyser that of hut builder.

Though Croyser may imply a hut builder, in Lincolnshire County, elsewhere Croyse is cross, in various senses;

Croyse; cross, in various senses.
The Croziers came from Normandy in 1066 with

William the Conqueror.

Through the years, some moved northward
to the southern areas of Scotland where they became
established as a Border Clan. According to Scots
Kith and Kin,
Clan Crozier was in Liddesdale in the
14th Century.
Example of Tyndale to Liddesdale-Treviotdale movement;
Clemy and John Croser (Crosier-Crozier), English
Tyndale Rebels resettled to Liddesdale-Teviotdale Scotland
with Clemy Croser, and Robyn (son of Rob of Redheugh)
Elwald, in 1540.
 William le Gros Earl of Yorkshire (Count of Aumale)
died 1179 could easily be the influence of
the Croyser of today’s border region being of Yorkshire.
Name similarities exist between,
Le Cros and Le Gros and today’s Crozier and Grozier surnames.
William le Gros, owned Scarborough Castle
Borough means fort and is symbolized on the
shield of Scarborough. Scarborough is of AngloSaxon
origins, and people with the surname Scarborough
are known to be from Scarborough. The
Y-DNA of the people named Scarborough was used
to locate an entry point into the British Isles, of
an Elfwald/Elwald.
Name version of Crozier with
a G; Grosar, Grosars, Grossars (RB Armstrong),
Gros, and Grozier, which OCR (optical character
recognition), sometimes read the upper case C as
a G, is questioned if the document is handwritten,
that it may have been transcribed in the past with
a C transcribed as a G. William le Gros, Count of
Aumale, was a powerful Anglo-Norman baron and
grand-nephew of William the Conqueror.
Le Cros flats (acres) part of Warden manor, about 6 km
(4 mi) west of and within the region of Hexam (St Andrew)
Priority, Northumberland.
[9] [10] [11] [12]
In the Norman Barony surname naming procedures, the
name is taken from locality, and today there is a Le Cros,
France, which corresponds with surname density, location
in Southern France, of Le Cros. Time of surname
adoption, Le Cros (Le Gros) was likely change to Le
Croyser in what is now England.

Robertu Le Croyser 1248

Middle English Dictionary, Volumes 1-2 Croyser
 William le Croyser 1264, recorded in Eynsham
Cartulary, in the time of King Henry III,and was
known The Frenchman, 1216 – 1272.
 Henry Croiser (Croyser) 1266-1272 is detained in
Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland prison, in
killing Agnes of Hertrepol, in self-defence.
This is close to today’s Scottish Borders, and likely where
the name Croyser/Croiser, migrated into what became
Scotland in ca. 1320.
 Simon le Croyser April 1327, is recorded in Calendar
of Close Rolls, Peterborough which is a larger
community south of
Crowland/Crowland Abbey as
spelled Croyland.

Croyser of Hinwick Hall;

Croyser Hinwick Hall Manor

British History; Croyser of Hinwick Hall

1234, 1298+

Hinwick Hall College

William Croyser of Bedfordshire and Buckingham
County is listed in the Patent Rolls 1348-9.

….the Elliots, called also Elwods, Elyards, and Elwalds, of
the Alfords who came from near Croyland…
The Scottish
name Croyser originated as a surname in the region
of Bedford to Lincoln Counties, in reference to people
which built huts.

Robertu Le Croyser 1248
There were also other forms of the name which became
Crozier. Example: the name Crosar is quite common in
Liddesdale and Treviotdale.
Roughly; from Cros to Crosier with interchanging the “i”
with the “s” the name Croiser, evolved to Crosier, then
becoming Crozier, which means a Bishop’s crozier styled
after the cane of a sheep herder tending the flock.
Basically the name is of Old French likely the name of
a region in southern France of Le Cros with a strong
influence of the Norman forename William. Evolved
from Cros to Croyser, from meaning
cross, to cross/hut
builder. Then Croyser to Croiser (cross bearer) to Crosier
(bishop’s sheppard’s cane bearer; crozier) to Crozier
crozier. The name went to Liddesdale, Scotland
as Croyser, then after that the changes from Croyser
to Crosar (becomes Crosier/Crozier) took place in high

On William Croyser, associated to the Roman Catholic Church, Treviotdale and St. Andrews University by Robert Bruce Armstrong;

The History of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Ewesdale, Wauchopedale and the Debateable Land: By Robert Bruce Armstrong, Volume 1 Robert Bruce Armstrong D. Douglas, 1883 – “Debateable land” (Scotland) – pages 181-2

William Croyser (1)William Croyser (2) William Croyser (3)5/31/2016

[1] Great Britain III Acts of the Parliament of Scotland
pp.466-7 (1587)
[2] Middle English Dictionary, Vol 1&2 by Hans Kurath.
[3] Dictionary of the Scots Language Dictionar o the Scots
[4] Piety, Fraternity, and Power: Religious Gilds in Late Me-
dieval Yorkshire, 1389-1547 David J. F. Crouch Boydell
& Brewer Ltd, 2000 page 274
[5] Scots Kith & Kin: A Comprehensive A-Z Guide to the Surnames
of Scotland, the Clans and Their Tartans Collins
Celtic, Collins Celtic Staff, Collins UK Collins, 1989
[7] Letters and Papers: Foreign and Domestic. Calendar of
Henry VIII. Great Britain. Public Record Office, Henry
VIII (King of England) Longman, 1896
geographic- surname-dna- correlation/
[9] The Priory of Hexham, Volume 2 James Raine Society,
1865 pg 26
[10] Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological
Society, Volume 4 Bishopsgate Institute, 1922 – London
pg 269
[11] Publications of the Surtees Society, Volume 48 By Surtees
Society pg 26
[12] A History of Northumberland, Volume 3, Part 1 By
Northumberland County History Committee, Edward
Bateson, John Crawford Hodgson, Allen Banks Hinds,
Herbert Henry Edmund Craster pg151
[14] 1266-1272 Great Britain. Public Record Office Kraus
Reprint, 1971
[15] Calendar of the Close Rolls …: Preserved in the Public
Record Office, Volume 24 Great Britain. Public Record
Office H. M. Stationery Office, 1896 – Great Britain pg
[16] Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public
Record Office By Great Britain. Public Record Officalendar
of Close Rolls, Public Record Office.Edward III, AD
1333-1337. Index;
[17] The Chronicles of the Armstrong, James L. Armstrong
1903,ed page 31


Clan Crozier

Added 8/10/2016;

Addition Crozier surname history.

The Croziers, now rarely represented, belonged to an old border clan seated at Liddisdale, Roxburghshire, in the 16th century.

Homes of Family Names in Great Britain (1890) by Henry Brougham Guppy Page 313.

Crozier name history (1)

This surname is derived from an official title. ‘the crosier,’ one who carried the bishop’s cross or pastoral staff. ‘Crocere, crociarius’:
Promptorium Parvulorum Way, commenting on this word, quotes concerning the martyrdom of St. Thomas of Canterbury, ‘one Syr
Edward Gryme, that was his croyser, put for the his arme with the crosse to bere of the stroke’: Legenda Aur. (v. the full note,
Promptorium Parvulorum).
Simon le Croyser, temp. 1300. Writs of Parliament.

Mabel le Croyser. Calendarium Rotulorum Originalium.

William Croyser. Calendarium Rotulorum Originalium.

Cristiana Croiser, 1379: Poll Tax of Yorkshire.

Johannes Croser, 1379: ibid.

John Crosier, Norfolk, 6 Henry V: History of Norfolk.

William Crosier, Norfolk, 46 Edward III: ibid.

1775. Married — Laurence Neilson and Esther Croser: St. George, Hanover Square.

1787. — Samuel Burrows and Alice Crozier: ibid.

A dictionary of English and Welsh surnames, with special American instances by Bardsley, Charles Wareing Endell, 1843-1898; Bardsley, A., “Mrs. Charles Wareing Bardsley,” ed page 219 Published 1901

Crozier name history (2)

8/10/2016 MSE


9/26/2016 MSE


11/2/2011 MSE

Fermanagh muster ca1630



John Crozer Lurgg L. Blennerhasset’s churchlands Fermanagh


Note; William Grocer above/

Scot’s Charitable Society of Boston

scots-charitable-society-boston-1 scots-charitable-society-boston-2

Note; William Cosser, above and below.

scots-boston-charitable-society-membership-1657-1712-111/14/2016 MSE

Joseph, John and jr Cross, Wells Maine 1622-1687

In June 3, 1675 Henry Brown and James Orr , Scotchmen, were residents of Wells, Maine and one given list.

11/16/2016 MSE

Ulster muster ca1630 for Cross;


11/23/2016 MSE

First Name Surname Barony/Lands Landlord/Estate County
Peter Cross Loughty Lady Waldrune Cavan
John Cross Loughty Lady Waldrune Cavan
Peter Cross Castleraine Bishop of Kilmore Cavan
James Cross Strabane Sir G. Hammilton Tyrone
William Cross City and Liberties Londonderry (including Goldsmiths’ estate) Londonderry
George Cross Mr Canning (Ironmongers) Londonderry
William Cross Mr Canning (Ironmongers) Londonderry
First Name Surname Barony/Lands Landlord/Estate County
Robert Crosse Loughty B. Taylor Cavan
Edward Crosse Castleraine Bishop of Kilmore Cavan
John Crosse Castleraine Bishop of Kilmore Cavan
Richard Crosse Clankelly Mr Sedburrogh Fermanagh
John Crosse Eneshone Lord Chichester Donegal

First Name Surname Barony/Lands Landlord/Estate County
John Crozer Lurgg L. Blennerhasset’s churchlands Fermanagh
First Name Surname Barony/Lands Landlord/Estate County
John Croser Magherboy G. Hume Fermanagh

5/3/2017 MSE